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Going Blue: Water Scarcity and Conservation!

Table of Contents: 

1.The Importance of Water  (& How we take it for granted)

2. Water Scarcity Growing Throughout the world, especially in the Middle East and Africa

3. Solutions to Reducing Water Scarcity

      3.1 Conscious Usage

      3.2 Agriculture conservation

            3.2.1 More effective irrigation systems 

            3.2.2 Weather Tracking

            3.2.3 Soil Management

            3.2.4 Organic Farming 

4. Additional Strategies for Water Conservation

    4.1 Rain Water Harvesting

    4.2 Water Reuse

5. Conclusion

6. Sources

 

Try to imagine your day without having even a single glass of water!

  

 

1.The Importance of Water (& How we take it for granted)

Humans are made up of 60% of water, and generally on average, a human body needs around 3 liters of water a day and that is simply water bodily intake. But water is also needed for dozens of activities in a day. Water is needed in household, fields, every factory and god knows thousands of other things.

The average American house of 4 people consumes around 400 gallons of water a day and in the parallel world there are many families in Africa who are surviving with as little as only 5 gallons a day.

We wake up, open the tap, and enjoy this beautiful element of nature, and for us the source of water is that tap. There are many families in those drought lands who know the exact source of their water because they must walk miles to fetch water from rivers, which is on the verge of finishing up soon because of the scarcity of water.

 

2. Water Scarcity Growing Throughout the world, especially in the Middle East and Africa

Nearly 1.8 billion people which constitutes around one-fourth of world’s population, appear to be falling into a water crisis with the potential of running short of water at the verge of scarcity in a few years.

 

 

According to World Resources Institute’s Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas, there are 17 countries with the highest risk of water scarcity, and mostly the middle east countries are facing the extreme water stress. Qatar the top in list have the most of its dependency for water on seawater desalination systems for drinking water supply. India is at number 13 but with the highest population at risk, 1.4 billion.

 

 

Now, the question arises how to resolve or mitigate this problem?

 

3. Solutions to Reducing Water Scarcity

 

3.1 Conscious Usage

 

 

 

The conscious usage of water starts from home.

There are hundred of steps that could be taken to save water at home like avoiding over usage, using only when needed, using the leftover water from dishes cleaning for other purposes. Keeping the track of water usage. Taking short showers, using water from roof downspouts for gardening and other similar purposes.       

Avoiding water usage for washing cars frequently, using excess of water in fields etc.

 

 3.2 Agriculture conservation

  

Water is used the most in factories and farms. There are many traditional and modern methods that could be used for water conservation in fields.

 

3.2.1 More effective irrigation systems 

 This could be costly but is very beneficial in wrong runs. Choosing the right soil, crop and area climate match is the best approach. A crop that needs an abundance of water like rice should be grown in the area where the rainfall is in suitable condition to the crop. Another effective irrigation system is using water flow meters that could help in measuring and controlling the amount of water usage in fields.

 

3.2.2 Weather Tracking 

Still many farmers, especially in developing nations, still don’t use the various technologies that can be found cheaply on phone applications that could be used to track the weather and practice farming accordingly. In many cases, of course, they might not have access to smartphones or a computer, but this varies from region to region. This is very beneficial in knowing if crops needs water or if they could get it from rain.

 

 3.2.3 Soil Management

Soil plays the major role in conserving water and nourished growth of crops in the field. Soil absorbs water, holds it, and transmits it to crops. Farmers could use various techniques to manage soil like covering it, as well as providing better fertilizers and studying the soil and choosing the right one for right crop.

 

3.2.4 Organic Farming –

The traditional organic farming is coming back. People have started preferring the organic food over conventionally grown, GMO and pesticide, herbicide laden crops. Organic farming could help in conserving water use by preserving the quality which is otherwise affected by the chemical fertilizers.

 

4. Additional Strategies for Water Conservation

 

4.1 Rain Water Harvesting –

 

 

This is very traditional and most beneficial way of conserving water. Water given to us by nature is meant to be saved and not be let gone wasted. Digging lakes, pond, reservoirs and installing rain water catching ducts. Many rural areas in some countries still use these and then later use water after boiling for drinking purposes.

 

4.2 Water Reuse

In this unbalanced time of water and demand, water reuse is one of the greatest methods to make the full use of water available without wasting it. There are many methods that could be used to make used/leftover water good to use again for many purposes like crops, washing, cleaning etc.

Some of the methods are Sand filtration. Unlike seawater desalinates, sand filters are not very costly. Sand filters still need more optimizations, but they could be used for other purposes apart from drinking.

 

Other industrial water treatment methods are Boiler Water Treatment and cooling water treatment.    

Boiler water treatment is basically done with the focus of removal or modification of boiler damaging substances. This method tries to keep water safe internally and externally by avoiding corrosion, scale or foaming and other impurities.

Cooling water treatment helps to minimize the water loss due to evaporation and offers great compactness and improved cleanliness. This is a method of removal of heat from components and other industrial equipment. The disadvantage of this method is the excess care to be taken to avoid corrosion.

This method is generally used for cooling automobile internal combustion engines and large industrial purposes like chemical plants, petroleum refineries, steam electric power plant and hydroelectric power generators.

 

 

One thing to be kept in mind while using recycled water is removal of pathogens. Recycled water is very likely to carry pathogens which is very harmful for human population. These viruses have to be reduced to an optimal level.

 

5. Conclusion

Food, air and water are the necessities of life, especially human life, on this planet. In reality, these are the three things so many around the world are working so hard for. We are educating and working so that we could have food and water in our belly, and provide the same to our family. What is the purpose of working so hard if we can’t even preserve the reason of our presence on this beautiful breathing planet?

 

This is the question we all need to find answer for and try to make this planet blue again for ourselves and the future population.

 

 

6. Sources:

https://www.worldwildlife.org/magazine/issues/fall-2017/articles/water-for-all

https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2019-countries-facing-water-crisis/

https://thewaterproject.org/water_conservation_tips

http://www.arcticbluewaters.com/news-article/526aa1895e675/Water-Scarcity-and-the-Importance-of-Water-

https://www.hydrofinity.com/blog/10-reasons-why-you-need-pay-attention-to-the-water-shortage

https://www.seametrics.com/blog/farming-water-conservation-tools/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_treatment

https://laquilaactive.com/

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