Table of Contents:
2.0 Factors creating storm
3.0 Storm Isaias
4.0 History of some dangerous hurricanes
A tropical storm is essentially a storm system with a spiral display of thunderstorms that could be termed as a hurricane or a cyclone. A hurricane normally occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Tropical cyclones form over warm water bodies and derive their energy from the evaporation of the ocean water.
The passage of a tropical cyclone over the ocean causes the upper layers of the ocean to cool significantly which can influence subsequent cyclone expansion. Tropical storm actively peaks in late summer when the difference between temperatures aloft and sea surface warming is the highest.
Factors creating storm
For tropical transitioning cyclones to occur, the temperature of the water plays an important role in causing the core atmosphere to be unbalanced enough to uphold convection and thunderstorms.
Another factor is rapid cooling with a height that allows the liberation of the heat of compression that strengthens a tropical storm. High humidity and low amounts of wind shear are the sole requirements that could disrupt the storm’s circulation. Also, the preexisting system of disturbed weather makes it very likely for the storm to occur again and again.
Tropical storms do not occur spontaneously. They are the effect of bad weather over a long period of time, especially during the mid and late summers. Atmospheric wavering is also found in tropical waves which significantly contribute to the development of about 85% of intense tropical storms in the Atlantic Ocean and the Eastern Pacific.
The movement of the storm can be studied by calculating the effect of the prevailing winds and other environmental conditions that result in the tropical storm. The tropical eastern waves are the forerunners to many tropical storms that take place within the regions of the Caribbean, North America and Africa. A tropical cyclone can be influenced by momentary weather systems such as extratropical cyclones. Tropical storms can regenerate if it gets back to warm water bodies like seas and oceans.
According to the National Hurricane Center, Isaias is moving rapidly in north north-west at 8 mph and predicted to reach the east coast of Florida. The storm did not reclaim the strength of a hurricane but it still managed to be wadding 65 mph winds while moving towards Florida. South Florida has already started experiencing a high amount of winds and rain due to the approaching of the storm.
Rain bands high in intensity and frequency are continuously rising in the northern direction. The rain bands are expected to go higher as the storm gets closer. Florida coastal counties are under a tropical storm warning. The warning has also been extended along the southeast coast of the U.S and North Carolina. The category 1 hurricane has transformed into a tropical storm gradually and now the potential landfall is expected in the coming weeks. Heavy rainfall and strong blowing winds are very dangerous for the people living in those regions where power cut is also a huge possibility.
The state of Florida has always been largely impacted due to hurricanes that occur every year, damaging the lives and properties there. This year’s tropical storm is the result of five consecutive hurricane seasons causing widespread flooding, landscapes and destruction of the crops, plants, vegetation, wildlife and trees. The tropical storm is likely to turn into a tropical depression and coastal region of Florida and North Carolina is yet to experience the life-threatening hurricane this year.
History of some dangerous hurricanes
Starting with the most recent one, Hurricane Irma was one of the most powerful ones that occurred in the year 2017. One-third of Florida was out of electricity when the storm was at its peak. Irma was the category 4 hurricane as the winds were near 130 mph at landfall near Cudjoe Key. The high storm surge was observed in the Florida Keys and Southwest Florida. The St. Johns River in particular experienced significant flooding due to the excessive rainfall, winds and storm. Irma produced a total of 21 tornadoes in Florida that were rated as EF2.
This followed the hurricane Irma destructing the islands of Puerto Rico and Dominica causing the damage of $90 billion making it the third costliest tropical cyclone. It is still termed as the deadliest Atlantic hurricane that damaged a lot of lives and properties.
Also referred to as the Superstorm Sandy, this storm has been one of the most destructive and deadliest in the history of the United States that took place in the year 2012. Initiated from the tropical waves in the western Caribbean Sea, it became one of the most expensive hurricanes ever. Hurricane Sandy affected 24 states overall including the east and the west coast especially the states of New Jersey and New York; that were greatly affected. The storm caused the $2 billion destructions in the U.S and around $100 million destructions in Canada.
More than 200 wastewater treatment plants and over 80 drinking water facilities got damaged due to the hurricane. The sewage and drinking water got contaminated due to the hurricane. The warming oceans and atmospheric moisture intensified the storms and the rise of the sea levels affected the storms even more.
Cities have earthquakes, mountains have volcanic eruptions and coastal regions have hurricanes and cyclones- no places are spared of natural adversity or calamity.
Calamities have always taken place since the time and being, but the recent environmental conditions, inorganic agricultural practices and global warming have resulted in the more frequent occurrence of storms, flooding and landslides. Rainfall, winds and tides are affected due to high temperatures of the oceans, sea levels and forest areas that make the atmosphere very moist and the atmospheric pressure very intense.
This also affects the evaporation activity and climate change which could also be the result of deforestation, cutting of the trees and killing wildlife. One of the examples is also of the Australian forest fires that took place in the beginning of the year 2020. Hurricane Isaias, the most recent disrupter along with ongoing pandemic is like a destructive weapon that could a long-lasting and impactful devastation.
The storm is here on its way to prove once again that nature overrules the humanity and the dominance of this world is still in the hands of nature and not man. What man can do is save the traumatic environment and recover the climate through the reformation of futuristic ideas and thoughtful saving of resources.