Table of Content:
- Climate change
- Effects on health
High temperature has always been a rival of society; along with increased pollution levels and global warming scenarios. Global warming has been predicted by environmentalists and researchers over the years. Imbalance in the natural cycle, the constant increase in carbon emissions, transportation, industrialization and development of urban areas are the causes of climate change resulting in global warming. The snow melting in the mountains has resulted in less snowfall and rainfall over the years. Places that have always been hot in temperature are soaring today with excessive heat that sometimes becomes unbearable for people living there.
Developing countries today specifically are more prone to health hazards and drastic effects of climate change, as they are more exposed to the high temperatures. Less cooling and air-conditioning facilities, overpopulation and the high no. of labor jobs today keep people in developing nations, especially the rural population away from getting exposed to better working conditions, effective living surroundings and suitable treatment and medical help. When we look at what people are facing on a daily basis, apart from low wages and poor lifestyle, we could say that we neglect a lot of blessings that we have today, most importantly good physical and mental health.
The global pandemic has certainly improved the climate in most of the countries due to severe lockdown and shutdown of businesses, less traffic on roads and public places like malls, cinema and restaurants that had been closed for more than half a year. This has marked the level of climate change that has never been so different for centuries. But the harsh reality that exists is that slowly and gradually, as the economy has slowed down, everything is opening up and booming. People need to get back to work, generate income for themselves and their families and eventually pay bills.
A study has been carried out comparing the climate change 20,000 years ago- the peak of the last ice age and a warm period 3 million years ago (when the CO2 levels are very similar to what they are today). While looking at the temperate rise and levels of CO2 during that period of time, research shows that climate sensitivity changes over time. The team of researchers that carried out the study used Bayesian statistics. Overall, the report mentions that the level of CO2 has doubled and the rise in temperature for more than 2 degrees Celsius is expected. Climate change is very dynamic today than what it was years ago is also because the global emissions are alarming today that has already harmed the atmospheric warming over the years. This is a very severe problem today that we take for granted.
The high temperatures create more humidity in the atmosphere which means that people, especially living in hotter locations and conditions will be exposed to the dangerous combination of excessive heat and moisture. It is believed that over the years, heat is going to affect people four times more than it is now. The year 2019 has been the hottest in the last decade which clearly shows the harmful effects of global warming, climate change, pollution and deforestation.
The Covid-19 situation might be solved by the end of 2021 (as predicted by the medical experts). We might hopefully get a vaccine by then. But the problem of climate change and the high temperatures is very grave and if any long-lasting solution is not carried out, the whole planet might have to bear the dangerous consequence.
Effects on health
What happens when you constantly work and drink no water for a few days? Simple. You might get dehydrated. So what happens to those people who work in strong stringent environments with very little access to clean water and a decent environment? Health takes a toll on them. It has been observed that people working in the harsh climate, be it indoors or outdoors, and those that are not exposed to air-conditioning facilities, are easily prone to dehydration and breathing issues resulting in asthma, cancer and other life-threatening diseases.
Countries like India, Africa, Bangladesh and other developing or underdeveloped nations have poor working facilities for laborers. Workers are forced to work more than 12 hours a day with low wages in factories, mines, or construction sites that are damp, humid and unpleasant to work. Workers spend most of their time in these places, working very hard in such extreme conditions. The fainting, nausea, headaches are some of the most common symptoms that people working in these conditions experience. It gradually makes them weak in immunity and they are more prone to illness and heart attacks. This is indeed a very unfortunate truth that exists in so many places.
People living in those places have to fight their resistance every day and go to work to earn the basic necessities of life. Those places normally do not have facilities like protective headgears, masks and other pieces of equipment that could save these workers from getting directly exposed to the heat and pressure.
Heat stress is one of the most dangerous problems that the workers are facing today. Heat stress results when workers are exposed to an extremely hot environment which could ultimately result in heat rashes, burns, injuries, stress, anxiety, heat stroke, exhaustion and dizziness. Mental health also gets affected where workers could feel symptoms like memory loss, hallucinations, daydreaming and too much stress and anxiety. Lack of proper types of equipment and medical facilities could also result in skin problems like boils, burns and rashes. Palpitation of heart, depression and shortness of breath are also some common problems faced by the workers working on site.
A lot of laborers lose their lives working in such extreme conditions and it is very heartbreaking to witness people still working in such a setting in the 21st century.
First of all, we need to address this crisis very seriously. It is affecting poor people and laborers across the globe. Governments of these nations should implement decent facilities that could at least provide healthy temperature so that workers could work.
Hours should definitely be cut down as the more workers get exposed to heat; the more is the seriousness of the heat effect. Overtime with fewer wages is clearly exploitation and the government should see to it that no businesses or factories exploit their workers in any way.
Proper meals and clean drinking water are two of the most important things that every human deserves to have. The government along with huge corporations should try to provide the workers with at least three things- proper working conditions with cool temperatures, nutritious and a balanced diet and clean water.
The role of employers is also very important here. They should provide training to their workers on how to keep themselves fit and stress-free and how to save themselves when the temperatures are very hot and unbearable. They need to encourage the workers to keep themselves as hydrated as possible by providing them not just with clean drinking water but also clean and functional toilet facilities in the working areas.
Let’s join our hands together and fight against global warming resulting in extremely hot weather and also for the rights of the people working in such extreme conditions.